What is Migraine & Facial Pain


· To learn about definition, stimuli and migraine phases

· To learn about pathophysiology, diagnosis, research, treatment, quality of life and migraine management.




· Migraine is a family disease.

· Specified by frequent headache attacks are widely variable in intensity, frequency and duration. The attacks are usually one-sided and are usually associated with anorexia, nausea and vomiting.

Migraine makes

· Upset sleeping pattern

· Hormone changes

· To dry.

· Wetterwechsel.

· Hungry.

· Visual and auditory stimuli from OLFACTORY


1. prodrome

2. Halo

3. Headache

4. Post Drum

1 - Prodroom

Halo and vague halo headache that starts 12 to 36 hours ago

Symptoms: Excitement, depression, cravings or avoidance of various foods.

Time needed: 15-20 minutes 2-Aura.

· Alarm or signal will have before starting headache.

· Symptoms: Sparkle of Lights Lines, Zigzag, Focus Problem

· Duration: 15 to 30 minutes


· Headaches are usually unilateral and symptoms such as:

· Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, photovobia, phonophobia

· Duration: 4-72 hours

4 Postdrom.

· After headaches, the patient complains of fatigue, depression, severe fatigue, some patients feel aunusual

· Duration: a few hours or up to 2 days


Vascular theory:

 Intracranial blood stages / extracts from blood vessels - headaches.

  Vasoconstriction intravascular blood vessels ----------- Aura.

Theory of serotonin:

 Reduce serotonin levels associated with migraine.

 Specific serotonin receptors in brain blood vessels. Diagnosis

Heritage, headache diary, migrain trigger,

Feedback Survey:

Electrocardiogram, CT brain, MRI.

Quality of treatment

Attack reduces frequency and severity.

Do not increase headache medicine.

You can train and manage your faults.

Improves the quality of the patient's life.



Trigger identification

Drug, break training, mental therapy

Drug therapy:

Cancellation, Preventive Therapy

Simultaneous therapy

Non-specific treatment:



Ibu Frofipen


Certain treatment:


Dihydrero Mamain.



Prevention treatment

Beta black. Propranolol.

Calcium channel

  Plain Dean

  Bara Maril





Face pain


Introduction, burning factors and facial pain treatment


Feeling part of face and eyes

Occurred by nervous system or blood vessels due to injury and headache, is generally due to neurological or blood vessels, but it can be good with its original.

Face pain

Major reason

· Nervous students

· Mok New Rexia

· Post Harses New Gallia Asia.

Tempoomandibular arthritis

Other causes of face pain

Dental [tooth abstraction] - chin, sensitive sensitive.

One, pull nose, pull eyes, eyes 30 minutes for 2 hours.

Signs - Dull pain and cheek bones move forward.

Miragin-aura, face pain, nausea, thrill or fast headache. Post-Stroke Pain - Persistent, moderate, or severe pain due to brain damage. This means that after a stroke, the brain doesn't understand the normal messages the body sends in response to touch, heat, cold, and other stimuli. Instead, the brain can perceive even the smallest sensation of touching the skin as painful.

trigeminal neuralgia

It is a trigeminal nerve disorder that causes sharp, throbbing pain in the cheek, lips, gums, or jaw on one side of the face.

People with this pain often have tremors or convulsions, which lead to trigeminal neuralgia. · Usually in the elderly or old in the middle.

· Woman woman

Migrana Nuralgia.

Express painful options from the middle level and high level, especially inside and around the eye.

· The name of the fact that the headache occurs in time groups or in "clusters" with long-term periods of attacks.

Oulgia after Hippy

If the pain is due to postponement and remains and persists and continue to remain more than 90 days, after the scandal fur is completed, it is known as a neurologist after everybody.

· After panic neuralgia is a painful disease that affects nerve and skin fibers. temporomandibular arthritis


Pain is pain.

Strengthened by chewing and jaw movement.

It occurs in the temporomandibular joint.

It is usually one-sided. Stimulating factors


Touch your face

·         to eat

· Beverage

·         Brush your teeth

· While talking

· to reconcile

· To smile

· Wash your face

under processing

· Medical treatment

Carbamazepine [Tegretol / Cartail]

Sodium phenytoin

valpuric acid

Surgical treatment

Relief of microvascular pressure


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