Research Methodology In the Medical and Biological Sciences

In this blog, you can download free pdf of Research Methodology In the Medical and Biological Sciences edited by PETTER LAAKE, HAAKON BREIEN BENESTAD and BJORN REINO OLSEN.

About Book

Adaptation is the watchword of our era. Less time is available to pursue master's and doctoral degrees, which has hastened the pace of graduate study. In addition, formal coursework in scientific theory and practise is as rigorous as it has ever been. We hope that this textbook will make graduate students' academic lives easier.

This book's origins date back to 2000, when a Norwegian national programme for medical faculty studies leading to PhD degrees mandated a required course for all students enrolled in medical faculty doctoral programmes. The training has been held multiple times and covers a variety of topics. This book, which was first published in Norwegian by Gyldendal Akademisk, is based on its curriculum. This English edition is an enlarged and edited version of the Norwegian original.

There are various reasons why courses and this book cover such a wide variety of topics. Doctorate studies should prepare the individual for research as well as other professional endeavours requiring scientific knowledge, including a thorough understanding of the fundamentals of the research process. Doctorate candidates at medical schools may have undergraduate degrees in medicine, the natural sciences, the social sciences, or nursing, among other disciplines. Even after completing their graduate degrees, many of these students may have acquired only limited scientific skills, making it difficult for them to collaborate with or be advised by peers outside of their own narrow specialties. Therefore, it is necessary that all PhD programmes incorporate instruction in general scientific research, regardless of the area pursued.

On each of the topics covered in this book's chapters, entire books have been written. Some of these books are cited and given under Further Reading at the conclusion of each chapter. Yet, in our experience, few doctoral candidates read professional literature, primarily due to the limited time allotted for study, which limits extracurricular reading to journals at best. So, we believe there is a need for a book like this one, which is comprehensive yet concise.

This book is geared towards students from a variety of professional backgrounds.

Considering the importance of multidisciplinary communication and research collaboration, scientists in each scientific community should be conversant with and respectful of the traditions of other scientific communities. This book defines the curriculum for medical doctoral candidates, but is also designed for students in the biological and biomedical sciences. We hope that the reader will gain a comprehensive scientific viewpoint from this article. We believe that everyone in the medical and biomedical sciences should have a basic understanding of all the themes in this book, as well as a deeper understanding of topics pertinent to their fields.

We have attempted to make the content accessible to a wide audience, in part by providing several examples. Chapter 11 on Statistical Problems, for example, contains instances of statistical data analyses. We have made our used data available online at We have included several statistical tables along with these data files. We choose the SPSS statistical software suite to show examples. Other application packages might have sufficed similarly.

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